Scrum Values are Courage, Focus, Openness, Respect, and Commitment, as you know from the PSMI Guide. But now, you need to understand them profoundly and understand the main misconception.



Courage is about making the right solution, even if it’s not simple. It’s about making visible all the information, even the most uncomfortable. It’s about don’t commit undone software.

We need to ask ourself some question, for example:

  • There is something wrong? if yes, I will talk about it with the rest of the team;
  • If I’m in truth, I’m pleading the cause?
  • If someone says something wrong, I will correct him?

The main misconception is about pushing back your idea, even if you know it is wrong or the rest of the team wants to follow it differently. So it’s ok to stand firm if you believe you are correct, but at some point, if the team makes a decision, you need to go forward.


Focus is about focusing on the sprint and its goals staying in the time-boxed.

We need to ask ourself some question, for example:

  • Am I focusing on the most critical task for the sprint goals? Or I’m working on other things?
  • When I work on a task, I get distracted?

The main misconception is about focusing on making the customer happy instead.


Openness is about providing transparency.

We need to ask ourself some question, for example:

  • Am I saying even the problematic news and issue or only the good one?
  • Can I share my state of mind with my colleagues?
  • I always tell the truth?

The main misconception is telling everyone what you are working on, even the valuable information, instead of highlighting only the most useful.


Respect is about respecting people, their diversity, and their background.

We need to ask ourself some question, for example:

  • I share the accountability of all the work needed for the sprint? There isn’t only a people accountable for a task.
  • I respect the opinion of everyone in the same way?
  • Is my opinion respected?

The main misconception is that you’re a superhero who does all the work instead of helping the team learn new things and grow together.


Commitment is to achieving the goals of the scrum team.

We need to ask ourself some question, for example:

  • Did I commit to the sprint goals? Or only on some task to do? (I know the sprint goal?)
  • I arrive on time for the events? Did I commit to the correct time-boxed of it?
  • I know what it means, the definition of done for an item?

The main misconception is committing to something you don’t understand only because your boss says that. Remember that scrum is about a self-organized team, and there isn’t a boss. Plus, if you don’t understand something, how can you provide transparency?

For the exam you need to remember:

  • Courage is about making the right solution, not about continuing to push back your idea;
  • Focus is on the sprint and its goals, staying in the time-boxed events. You don’t focus on making the customer happy;
  • Openness is about providing transparency without overwhelming with unuseful details;
  • Respect the rest of the team, growing with them, instead to think about being a superhero who does all the works;
  • Commitment is to achieving the goals of the scrum teams, not what the boss said. In scrum doesn’t exist, boss. All the members of the scrum team are at the same level.

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